Thursday, November 15, 2018

NJ Weekend Historical Happenings: 11/17/18 - 11/18/18

 New Jersey Weekend Historical Happenings
A Weekly Feature on www.thehistorygirl.com
Want to submit an event? Use our event submission form.


Saturday, November 17 - Farmingdale, Monmouth County
Weekend Themed Tours at Allaire

Two tours to choose from! At 12:15 pm, our "Iron Works Tour" invites you to explore the village history by learning about the iron making process and touring the historic sites that played a part in the Howell Iron Works production. Includes visits to the Visitor Center/Museum, Foreman's Cottage, Blast Furnace, Blacksmith Shop, Carpenter's Shop, Carriage House, Enameling Building, and General Store.

At 2:15 pm, "The Lifestyle Tour" visit the homes and trade shops of the people who lived and worked at the Howell Iron Works. Discover everyday life of an 1830's industrial worker and their families. Includes visits to the Museum, Chapel, Foreman's Cottage, Manager's House, Bakery, Blacksmith, Carpenter, Enameling Building, and General Store.

Tickets for each tour are $5 and can be purchased online.

The Historic Village at Allaire is located at 4263 Atlantic Avenue, Farmingdale, NJ. For more information, contact the Allaire Village office during business hours, Monday through Friday, 9:00 am - 5:00 pm, at 732-919-3500 or visit www.allairevillage.org.

-----------------------------------
Saturday, November 17 - Farmingdale, Monmouth County
The Magic of Lionel at Allaire

Neill Hartley is Joshua Lionel Cowen in this magical one-man show about the founding and history of one of the greatest toy companies ever created! On Saturday from 4:00 - 5:30 pm, follow his climb to the top of the toy industry, as he creates Lionel Toy Trains, one of the most beloved and successful toy companies of all time.

Experience the magic of toy trains and the timeless pleasure of model railroading. Learn about Joshua Lionel Cowen's incredible skill at marketing with indelible images that have helped sell over 50 million train sets and more than 300 miles of track.

Before the show you can stop by the Museum and see our Christmas display exhibition on the history of the toy train, or join us after the program – we’ll be open until 6:00 pm!

Tickets for each tour are $20 and can be purchased online.

The Historic Village at Allaire is located at 4263 Atlantic Avenue, Farmingdale, NJ. For more information, contact the Allaire Village office during business hours, Monday through Friday, 9:00 am - 5:00 pm, at 732-919-3500 or visit www.allairevillage.org.

-----------------------------------
Saturday, November 17 - Holmdel, Monmouth County
Cookstove Demonstration
Children Friendly Site & Events

On Saturday, visit Historic Longstreet Farm in Holmdel to see what is cooking on the woodstove in the out kitchen. Discover how food, recipes, cooking techniques and the kitchen itself has changed since the 1890s. This free event runs from 11:00 am - 3:00 pm.   

This event is free. Historic Longstreet Farm is located at 44 Longstreet Road, Holmdel, NJ. For more information, call 732-946-3758 or visit www.monmouthcountyparks.com.

-----------------------------------
Saturday, November 17 - River Edge, Bergen County
242nd Anniversary of the British Invasion & American Retreat
Children Friendly Event

On November 20th, 1776, five thousand British, Hessian and Loyalist troops, under command of Lt. Gen. Lord Cornwallis, scaled the Palisades at Lower Closter Dock and marched against Fort Lee. Warned by an alert officer, the American garrison escaped entrapment by safely crossing the Hackensack River at New Bridge, now known as the Bridge That Saved a Nation, and lived to fight another day.

To mark the 242nd Anniversary of the "times that try men's souls," the Bergen County Historical Society, along with the Brigade of the American Revolution, will sponsor a day of living history,  scholarly presentations, and a slice of Bergen County's rich history on Saturday.

Schedule - Event Run Time 12:00 noon - 4:00 pm
* 12:30 pm: Reading of at the Bridge, by President and Chairman of HNBLSPC, historian & reenactor Jim Smith.The American Crisis
* 1:00 pm: Walking tour of the Zabriskie Tide Mill and its importance to New Bridge - Past President Deborah Powell (please meet at the Von Steuben House).
* 2:00 pm: Military historian, author and Past President, Todd Braisted will look at the role of militia during the American Revolution in Bergen County.
* 3:00 pm: Walking Tour of "the Bridge that Saved a Nation." Join Society Vice President, Kate Reilly as she gives a walking for of the historic river crossing and how it was imperative for Washington to cross the Hackensack before he could cross the Delaware.

Tour all three 18th century Jersey Dutch sandstone houses that are connected by a gravel walking path through the historic battleground site. Walk across the 1889 Swing Bridge on the Hackensack River and watch for American Eagles and Redtail Hawks. Revolutionary War reenactors will be present throughout the site to answer questions and demonstrate life of the common soldier and camp follower. Don't forget the New Bridge Donuts & Cider (hot or cold) in the Tavern. Visit the Out-Kitchen as our cooks prepare seasonal 18th century foods and our resident blacksmith plys his trade.

Some of the Society’s treasure of Revolutionary War artifacts are on display. The gift shop will be open and a book sale will take place.

Admission: Adults $12 and students (6-22 yr) $7. BCHS members - admission free. Free parking is available or take the train on the Pascack Valley line to "New Bridge Landing" train stop. Walk one block north to Historic New Bridge Landing. New Bridge Landing is located at 1201 Main Street, River Edge, NJ. For more information, visit www.bergencountyhistory.org.

-----------------------------------
Saturday, November 17 - Sparta, Sussex County
Holiday Stocking Stuffer Marketplace


-----------------------------------
Saturday, November 17 - Pennsauken, Camden County
"Frost on the Pumpkin"

Get warm by the hearth while Chris cooks! The Historic Griffith Morgan House in Pennsauken season ending "Frost on the Pumpkin" event will be held on Saturday from 12:00 noon - 4:00 pm. The Griffith Morgan House is located at 243 Griffith Morgan Lane off River Road between the Delair community and Route 73. Visit the Griffith Morgan House or Pennsauken Historical Society Facebook pages or the group “Pennsauken History Forum” on Facebook for more details or directions or call 856-486-9561 and leave a message for more information or e-mail GriffithMorganHouse@yahoo.com.

-----------------------------------
Saturday, November 17 - Hopewell Township, Mercer County
Logging & Firewood Cutting
Children Friendly Event and Site

Join farmers at Howell Living Farm who are using horses to skid saw logs out of the woods, and who are using oxen to haul firewood to the sap house in preparation for maple sugaring season. Visitors can help by cutting and chopping firewood, splitting locust logs into fence rails, and making barn pegs for use in our barn frame. At lunchtime, visitors can enjoy fare suitable for lumberjacks, including pancakes made with the farm's whole wheat flour...drenched in homemade maple syrup.

Howell Living Farm represents typical farm life between 1890 and 1910. The farm is operated by the Mercer County Parks Commission. It is located at 70 Wooden's Lane, Lambertville, NJ. For more information. call 609-737-3299 or visit www.howellfarm.org.

----------------------------------
Saturday, November 17 - Cape May, Cape May County
Ghosts of Christmas Past Trolley Ride
Children Friendly

A member of the East Lynne Theater Company regales you with a Victorian holiday ghost tale as you ride through Cape May’s festively decorated Historic District. The ride starts at the Physick Estate, 1048 Washington Street, Cape May, NJ. Adults $12 and children (ages 3-12) $8. Trolley rides at 5:30, 6:15, and 7:30 pm. Advance reservation strongly recommended. Sponsored by the Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities (MAC). For more information and to reserve tickets, call 609-884-5404 or 800-275-4278 or visit www.capemaymac.org.

----------------------------------
Saturday - Sunday, November 17 - 18 - Cape May, Cape May County
Physick Family Christmas House Tours
Family Friendly Tour

On the Physick Family Christmas House Tour, you will visit the Physick Estate, decorated in true Victorian style, for a unique living history experience with members of the Physick Family household of the 1890s. Also see the Christmas Traditions exhibit at the Carriage House Gallery, a breathtaking Dickens Village beneath the boughs of a giant Christmas tree. On Saturday, tours will start at 12:30, 1:45, and 3:00 pm. On Sunday, the tour start at 1:45 pm. Admission is $12 for adults, $8 for children (ages 3-12). Tickets can be purchased at the Emlen Physick Estate, 1048 Washington Street, Cape May, NJ. Sponsored by the Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities (MAC). For more information and to reserve tickets, call 609-884-5404 or 800-275-4278 or visit www.capemaymac.org.

---------------------------------
Saturday - Sunday, November 17 - 18 - Cape May, Cape May County
Cape May Historic District Trolley Tour
Children Friendly

Enjoy a 45 minute guided tour with entertaining and enlightening stories about the nation's oldest seaside resort and how it survived. Accessible trolley available with advance notification. Tour begins at the Washington Street Mall Information Booth. Tours begin and end at the Washington Street Mall Information Booth.

Adults $12 and children (ages 3-12) $8. Tours on Saturday at 11:45 am, 1:00 pm, and 2:15 pm. Tour on Sunday at 1:00 pm. Sponsored by the Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities (MAC). For more information and to reserve tickets, call 609-884-5404 or 800-275-4278 or visit www.capemaymac.org.

----------------------------------
Saturday - Sunday, November 17 - 18 Upper Freehold, Monmouth County
Sleigh Selfies
Children Friendly Event & Site

Our decorative red sleigh and a selection of historical hats and bonnets will be ready for your selfie on Saturday and Sunday at Historic Walnford. Create a charming Currier & Ives style image to share for the holidays. Stop by between 1:00 and 4:00 pm each day. No fee! Please no professional photographers.

While there, visit the large, elegant Walnford home built in 1774, the 19th century gristmill and the farm buildings set in a beautiful landscape. Walnford is located at 62 Walnford Road, 08501. For more information, call 609-259-6275 or visit www.monmouthcountyparks.com.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Maplewood, Essex County
Maplewood and Durand-Hedden Remember the Great War
Children Friendly

One hundred and one years ago, the United States declared war on Germany, joining the First World War, and the impact was felt in the small town of Maplewood, NJ. Join Durand-Hedden on Sunday from 1:00 - 4:00 pm as we learn more about the Great War.

Over 100 men from Maplewood were called to fight and eight never made it home. Three saw brutal action in France, two were pilots whose planes went down, and three were victims of the influenza pandemic. A year later, on November 11, 1918, fighting in World War I came to an end following the signing of an armistice between the Allied powers and Germany, the precursor to the Treaty of Versailles. The process of returning home then began for the American military, nurses, Red Cross workers, and the many others who had been caught up in the war effort.

At the Durand-Hedden event, visitors can talk with a WWI reenactor portraying a Marine sergeant as he reveals the life of a doughboy and his essential ‘soldier’s kit.’ See the uniform of a soldier from the Imperial German Army and German field medical gear. Meet “Dr. Anna Tjomsland”, the first woman physician to enlist in the US Army medical corps and who oversaw a 130-bed ward in Vichy France at Base Hospital No.1. Hear an authentically attired drum and bugle corps from Early Music and Arts play U.S. military music of the period plus the spirited “Over There,” and meet silent-screen celebrity “Theda Bara” as she speaks about selling war bonds. Enjoy the early twentieth century diversion of 1917-1918 records played on antique phonographs by The Spring-wound Serenaders. Listen to the reading of World War One-inspired poetry by David Burr, a book editor and poet.

Young visitors can take part in the event by making red paper poppies, which came to symbolize remembrance following the Great War.

An exhibit will explore rediscovered stories of Maplewood’s war casualties as well as the effects of the great Influenza Pandemic of 1918. Stunning posters by American artists designed to promote support for the War and efforts like the Red Cross and the Woman’s Land Army on the home front will be on display. Soon after War’s end, the young suburb of Maplewood began plans to create Memorial Park, named to commemorate all the men and women whose lives were forever altered by the Great War. To honor the eight local men who died, the community planted eight American Elms at the top of the natural amphitheater, marked by a bronze plaque.

Durand-Hedden’s charming Country Store will open for the season at this event. Check out historic-themed treasures such as early American children’s games, books and toys, facsimile documents, quill pens and ink, historic cook books, cookie molds, tin lanterns, and reproduction decorative items and ceramics. You’ll also discover the hard-to-find original Doors of Maplewood poster, Smile, the history of Olympic Park, and the new acid-free reproduction of the charming 1931 map of Maplewood.

Durand-Hedden House is dedicated to telling the history of the development of Maplewood, New Jersey and the surrounding area in new and engaging ways. It is located in Grasmere Park at 523 Ridgewood Road in Maplewood, New Jersey. For more information, call 973-763-7712 or visit www.durandhedden.org.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Boonton, Morris County
The Women Airforce Pilots of World War II


-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Princeton, Mercer County
Historic Princeton Walking Tour
Children Friendly Tour

Enjoy a 1.9 mile, two-hour walk around downtown Princeton and the University campus as you learn about historic sites in the area, including Bainbridge House, Nassau Hall, the University Chapel, and Palmer Square. The early history of Princeton, the founding of the University, and the American Revolution are just some of the stories from Princeton’s history that you will learn on your tour.

Admission: $7 per adult; $4 children ages 6 to 12; free for children age 5 and under. Tours begin in front of the Bainbridge House, 158 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ. Tour begins at 2:00 pm and ends at 4:00 pm. Walk up ticket sales are cash only; guides cannot provide change. Space is limited. For more information and to reserve tickets, call 609-921-6748 or visit www.princetonhistory.org.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - East Brunswick, Middlesex County
East Brunswick Museum's 40th Anniversary

All are welcome to celebrate the East Brunswick Museum's 40th Anniversary Celebration and the opening of our new exhibit--40 Treasures from 40 Years on Sunday from 2:00 - 4:00 pm. Founded in 1978, the Museum collects art and artifacts from the East Brunswick area. Light refreshments will be served. FREE. The East Brunswick Museum is located at 26 Maple Street, East Brunswick, NJ. For more information, call 732-257-1508 or visit www.eastbrunswickmuseum.org.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Haddonfield, Camden County
Meet Polly Burling at the Indian King Tavern


-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - East Brunswick, Middlesex County
Hall-Mills Murder Case

On Sunday, the East Brunswick Historical Society will host Richard Walling who will present a program on the famous Hall-Mills murder case of 1922. Mr. Walling has access to the original criminal files and may bring in a retired detective with knowledge of the case details.

The bodies of the minister and the choir singer were found on the Somerset County/Middlesex County border off today’s Franklin Boulevard. It remains unsolved. Evidence is on display at the jury assembly room in Somerville. The meeting will be held from 2:00 to 4:00 p.m. at the society’s headquarters, 78 Milltown Road, East Brunswick, NJ. The program is being presented by Richard Walling, a local historian, with a PowerPoint program.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Montclair, Essex County
Historic House Tours: Crane/YWCA & Shultz Open
Family Friendly

On Sunday you can visit ALL of the Montclair Historical Society’s properties, including the Shultz House at 30 North Mountain Avenue, Montclair, NJ. This amazing gem of a house is an intact time capsule of life in the early 20th century. Wait until you see the woodwork, the Delft fireplace surround, the science equipment in the library!

You can also discover history through the “many voices” who made our community what it is today at the Crane House and Historic YWCA at 108 Orange Road, Montclair, NJ. The people who lived, worked, and relaxed in this building tell the story of not only Montclair, but also New Jersey and nation from its early years of a fledgling country to a country embroiled in Civil Rights. While you’re here, make sure you see what’s growing at the farm, meet the chickens, and visit the Museum Shop for unique, one-of-a-kind treats.

Both houses are open from 1:00 - 4:00 pm. Tours of the Crane House & Historic YWCA are on the hour, last tour at 3:00 pm. Tours of the Shultz House are on the half hour, last tour 3:30 pm. Admission is $6/adult; $5/student/senior with ID; $4/child; under 2 free, good for both sites. Members get in free! For more information, call 973-744-1796, e-mail mail@montclairhistorical.org, or visit www.montclairhistorical.org.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Union Township, Union County
Gods of Wood and Stone

The Union Township Historical Society will host noted Star-Ledger columnist, Mark Di Ionno, at 2:00 pm on Sunday at Connecticut Farms Presbyterian Church, 888 Stuyvesant Avenue, Union, NJ. Mr. Di Ionno will speak about his new novel, Gods of Wood and Stone, which is partly set in Union, NJ, and partly in Cooperstown, NY.

"Mark Di Ionno is a lifetime newspaperman and four-time winner of the NJ Press Association’s first-place award for column-writing. Gods of Wood and Stone is the story of two men--Joe Grudeck and Horace Mueller--framed by the lens of baseball, a timeless tale of the responsibilities of manhood and the pitfalls of glory in a painful and exhilarating novel that’s distinctly American." (goodreads.com)

Copies of the book will be available for purchase, and Mr. Di Ionno will gladly sign them. Admission is free, but donations will be gratefully accepted. Refreshments will be served in Westminster Hall. For more information, please call 908-591-4377.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Westfield, Union County
Thanksgiving Dinner Demonstration & 18th Century Table Customs & Manners
Children Friendly Event

A special day of thanks has been part of the American tradition since 1621. The Miller-Cory House Museum cooks will demonstrate the preparation of an early American Thanksgiving feast over the museum’s open-hearth fire, using colonial recipes and seasonal ingredients. Please note that this is a demonstration only; dinner is not being served. Proper colonial dining also requires proper table customs. The program includes a presentation on authentic early American manners, place settings, and other interesting “table top traditions.” Program from 2:00 - 4:00 pm.

Docents will be available to guide visitors through the restored, fully furnished colonial era farmhouse.

Admission is $4.00 for ages 13 and older, $3.00 ages 3 to 12 and free under age 3. The Miller-Cory House Museum is located at 614 Mountain Avenue in Westfield, NJ. For more information, call 908-232-1776 or visit www.millercoryhouse.org.

-----------------------------------
Sunday, November 18 - Farmingdale, Monmouth County
Early 19th Century Thanksgiving
Family Friendly

Celebrate an early 19th Century Thanksgiving with the villagers of James P. Allaire's Howell Iron Works Company on Sunday between 11:00 am and 4:00 pm! The historic homes, craft shops, and retail buildings will be open to welcome you for a special "Day of Thanks." Starting at 11:00 am, a special program at the historic chapel, craft demonstrations (blacksmith, tinsmith, carpentry, leather-making, and more), cooking at the Manager's House over its 18th century open hearth, and other special activities for adults and children. The Bakery, General Store, and Enameling Building's Museum Store will be open for early holiday shopping. Additional early 19th century period cooking and other activities to "give thanks" will be spread throughout the village!

Admission: $5 for adults and $3 for children ages 5 through 12. 

The Historic Village at Allaire is located in Allaire State Park, 4265 Atlantic Avenue, Farmingdale, NJ. For more information, contact the Allaire Village office during business hours, Monday through Friday, 9:00 am - 5:00 pm, at 732-919-3500 or visit www.allairevillage.org.

-----------------------------------
Through Sunday, December 2 - Paterson, Passaic County
31st Annual Lambert Castle Holiday Boutique

Through December 2, Lambert Castle, home of the Passaic County Historical Society will present the 31st annual Lambert Castle Holiday Boutique. Open Wednesday through Friday from 10:00 am - 8:00 pm, Saturdays and Sundays from 10:00 am - 5:00 pm, the boutique invites you to enjoy shopping for this year's assortment of festive holiday gifts, jewelry, seasonal decorations, crafts, collectibles, and gourmet food in the historic atmosphere and ambiance of Lambert Castle.

Admission to the Boutique is $7 for opening weekend, November 3rd - 4th and $6 for the duration of the show. All admission fees include two return visits. Children under 12 years are admitted free of charge. No child strollers or carriages are permitted inside the Castle. Visa and Mastercard are accepted for purchases. The café will return to the third floor serving a variety of soups, sandwiches, as well as hot and cold drinks. All proceeds from this fundraiser benefit the Passaic County Historical Society.

The Passaic County Historical Society, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, was founded to cultivate interest among individuals and the community-at-large in the rich history of Passaic County. To this end our museum in Lambert Castle showcases examples of the County's cultural and artistic diversity, as well as examples of the County's natural, civil, military, and ecclesiastical history. The Society also maintains a library and archive, which houses manuscripts, books and photographs of historical and genealogical interest.

Lambert Castle is located at 3 Valley Road, Paterson NJ. For more information, call 973-247-0085 or visit www.lambertcastle.org.

-----------------------------------
Through December 28, 2018 -  Morristown, Morris County
George Washington’s Headquarters: Photographs by Xiomáro

Morristown National Historical Park (NHP) invites the public to view the exhibition George Washington’s Headquarters: Photographs by Xiomáro. The 22 large images of the Ford Mansion – Washington’s base of operations during the Revolutionary War winter of 1779-1780 – are on view in the museum until December 28, 2018. The exhibition of Xio’s photographs of Washington’s Revolutionary War headquarters highlights the house’s dual role as a residence. 

Xiomáro (pronounced “SEE-oh-MAH-ro”) is an internationally-recognized artist and speaker whose photography has been covered by The New York Times, The Boston Globe, and CBS Eyewitness News. His work has been widely exhibited at venues such as Harvard University and New York City’s Fraunces Tavern Museum. Next year, Arcadia Publishing is releasing Xio’s photo book, Weir Farm National Historic Site, about Julian Alden Weir, the father of American Impressionist painting.

A free eBook of the photographs is available at www.xiomaro.comThe exhibit is at the Morristown National Historical Park’s Washington Headquarters Museum, 30 Washington Place, Morristown, NJ. Admission is free. For more information. visit www.nps.gov/morr.

-----------------------------------
Through 2018 - Woodbury, Gloucester County
Out of the Box: Rare & Unusual Objects

Intrigued about what might lie behind closed doors in a museum? Out of the Box: Rare & Unusual Objects, our new exhibit at the Gloucester County Historical Society Museum, will give visitors a peek into some of our most exceptional artifacts. Objects that have not been on view to the public for years will be out on display for all to see. We have chosen an array of unique items from every category imaginable in the museum’s collection. Most of these artifacts are between 100 – 200 years old, and haven’t seen the light of day in decades. Come to experience the rare, odd, quirky, beautiful, and even creepy treasures just waiting to be revealed. The exhibit opens on Sunday, April 29 when admission will be free that day! The exhibit will be closed on Mondays, and summer Sundays, but open on Wednesdays and Fridays from 1:00 - 4:00 pm from May 2 through the summer months. Monday hours will resume on September 5, 2018, along with last Sunday of the month hours. Please visit www.gchsnj.org for further details. The Gloucester County Historical Society Museum is located at 58 N. Broad Street, Woodbury, NJ. For more information, call 856-848-8531 or visit www.gchsnj.org.

----------------------------------
Through December 30, 2018 - Piscataway, Middlesex County
Over There, Over Here: New Jersey During orld War I 


----------------------------------
Through January 11, 2019 - Trenton, Mercer County
Changing Face/Changing Place: A Look at the Architectural History of the Trenton Area

The Trenton Museum Society and FVHD Architects - Planners are proud to announce an exhibit celebrating the one hundredth anniversary of the full service architectural design firm founded in Trenton by PL Fowler in 1918. The exhibit, displaying historical and architectural photographs, drawings and artifacts from the FVHD - Architects Planners firm's history is on view in the second floor galleries at the Trenton City Museum at Ellarslie in Cadwalader Park from September 15, 2018 through January 11, 2019.

The firm is proud of its long history of design excellence in the Trenton area starting in 1918 and continuing today as FVHD Architects. The work of the firm and its predecessors has made a significant impact on the built environment in Mercer County.

The long project history includes many original school buildings for Trenton, Lawrence, and Ewing Township School Districts; the restoration of the 1719 William Trent house; the GM Fisher Body Plant; Mercer Hospital; Waterfront (now Arm & Hammer) Stadium; Ewing Township Municipal/Police Facility; several Trenton City branch library buildings; Trenton public housing and numerous others.

For more information, call 609-989-3632, e-mail tms@ellarslie.org, or visit www.ellarslie.org.

----------------------------------
Through June 2019 - Ocean Township, Monmouth County
"Wet as the Atlantic Ocean: Prohibition in New Jersey”

The 18th Amendment—the measure that made the manufacture, sale, or transport of alcoholic beverages a federal offense for the 13 years, 10 months, 19 days, and 17 hours of Prohibition—was repealed in 1933. It is the only Constitution Amendment ever to be undone. And its doing and undoing were the results of a tug-of-war between the “Wets” and the “Drys” that played out across the country.

A new exhibit opening to the public Sunday, in the Richmond Gallery of the Eden Woolley House reveals where New Jersey stood in that tug-of-war. “Wet as the Atlantic Ocean: Prohibition in NJ” brings the debates, glamour, and violence of the Roaring Twenties home.

How did it happen?
The prohibition debate had been argued across the country for nearly a century before the 18th Amendment outlawed alcohol nationwide. Maine passed the first state prohibition law in 1846 and by the Civil War, several other states had followed suit.

So what happened in the first decades of the next century to elevate debate into a campaign for a Constitutional Amendment—that took the fight national?

• Drunkenness was a real problem. The proliferation of saloons fueled a drinking culture, and between 1900 and 1913, beer and alcohol consumption soared. Women and families suffered.
• Women had been campaigning for abstinence since the early 1800s, By the turn of the century they were finding their voice, stridently advocating for the vote-— and increasingly for prohibition. Organizations like the Women’s Christian Temperance Union were gaining ground.
• Many Americans felt threatened by the influx of immigrants whose cultural norms around alcohol threatened prevailing white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant values.
• On the global scene, the unthinkable carnage of the First World War and the alarming success of the Russian Revolution fueled a nostalgic longing for control and order.

Under these conditions, pro-prohibition sentiment grew. By 1919 more than half the country lived in dry states, counties, or towns. If the 18th Amendment were to be passed, it needed to happen before the 1920 census, the results of which would give greater power to the anti-prohibition cities.

The last state to Ratify
Ours was the last state to ratify the 18th amendment and it did so in 1922, two years after the measure was in effect. (Rhode Island and Connecticut never ratified.) We fought Prohibition in court. New Jersey joined Rhode Island in a losing challenge before the Supreme Court (1920). And we were back in 1931, when the Supreme Court overruled a New Jersey federal judge’s decision invalidating the 18th Amendment.

New Jersey’s Resistance
It’s no surprise, then, that Prohibition enforcement in New Jersey was lax. Local fishermen and boaters shuttled bootlegged liquor to shore from rum-running ships lined up just outside the legal limit. Speakeasies thrived with little risk of raid. The state underfunded enforcement. Corruption was rampant. Local police turned a blind eye. Even the teetotaling and incorruptible Ira Reeves, the man put in charge of federal enforcement in New Jersey, resigned after eight months and took up the anti-Prohibition cause!

This exhibit runs through June 2019. The Township of Ocean Historical Museum offers exhibits on the history of coastal Monmouth County and a full calendar of events. The Museum also houses a library and archive of local history. It is open, free of charge, 1:00 - 4:00 pm, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursday, 7:00 - 9:00 pm Thursday evenings, and 1:00 - 4:00 pm the first and second Sundays of each month. The Township of Ocean Historical Museum is located at 703 Deal Road, Ocean, NJ. For more information, visit www.oceanmuseum.org.

----------------------------------
Through June 2019 - Morristown, Morris County
Iconic Culture: From Little Black Dress to Bell Bottoms

Morris County Historical Society’s upcoming exhibit, Iconic Culture: From Little Black Dress to Bell Bottoms, promises to be a one-stop spot for a stroll down memory lane.

From the timeless designs of Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel to the trend-setting bell bottoms of Sonny and Cher, MCHS explores more than 50 years of cultural history through a retrospective featuring nearly 100 pieces from its historic textile collection. Iconic Culture will examine how changes in clothing styles mirrored the social climate of their time and the seminal moments and people who defined their decade – with a focus on New Jersey history.

In addition to the fashions, Iconic Culture will highlight cultural milestones in local, state, and national history that coincided with the Roaring 20s, Great Depression, World War II, Civil Rights Movement, and Vietnam Era.

This multimedia exhibit features music, television shows, and radio broadcasts. Visitors will also have an opportunity to share personal recollections about significant events, such as the assassination of President Kennedy.

The exhibit is available through Sunday, June 16, 2019. Morris County Historical Society is located at Acorn Hall, 68 Morris Avenue, Morristown, NJ and is open Wednesdays and Thursdays, 11:000 am - 4:00 pm and Sundays, 1:00 - 4:00 pm. Admission, which includes the exhibits and landscaped grounds, is $6 for adults, $5 for seniors, $3 for students, and is free for children under 12 and MCHS members. For more information, call 973-267-3465 or visit www.MorrisCountyHistory.org.

-----------------------------------
Some event listings courtesy of the League of Historical Societies of New Jersey

Reactions:

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for the comments!